The Ummat News Paper Karachi

The Ummat (Urdu: روزنامہ امت‎) is an Urdu-language, Islamist newspaper published From Karachi, Pakistan. The Daily Ummat was first published by Salahuddeen the diplomat and journalist of Pakistan almost 17 years ago. However Salahuddeen was killed by the Muttahida Qaumi Movement[citation needed] for his brave and independent journalism. The same group is also publishing the Weekly Takbeer and the Monthly Ghazi. In 2012, the chief editor of the Daily Ummat is Rafique Afghan another renowned journalist of Pakistan.
The Ummat is known for its independent and brave reporting specially about the local issues of Karachi. The price of the Daily Ummat in Pakistan is PKR.12 across Pakistan. The Ummat is the 2nd largest selling morning newspaper of Pakistan after the Daily Jang. The Daily Ummat has eight pages on weekdays and Saturday but twelve pages on Sunday.
The validity of the interview with Osama Bin Laden has come under question as the reporter allegedly never actually met Bin Laden, but merely sent written questions to the Taliban government (at that time in power in Afghanistan and facing an attack from the US/UN) and received written replies.[1]
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The Dawn Media Group

The Dawn Media Group is the trading name of Pakistan Herald Publications (Pvt.) Ltd.,[1] a Pakistani media company. It started using this trading name in 2008 “to reflect the Group’s transformation from a publisher of newspapers and magazines into a powerful multimedia group” (from a 2011 corporate brochure)


The Karachi based group is owned by the powerful Haroon and Saigol families. The CEO is Hameed Haroon, and its chairman is Amber Haroon Saigol, daughter of the previous chairman Mahmoud Haroon and the 11th richest individual in Pakistan in 1993 (the only year that the Pakistani government has published the wealth of the country’s richest citizens).[3] A list over the 40 richest families in Pakistan, published in 2006, ranks the Saigol family as the sixth richest and the Haroons and the 16th richest.[4]


The Dawn Media Group covers three areas: print media (organised as a separate division called Dawn Group of Newspapers), broadcast media, and internet media:
  • Print media
    • Dawn, its flagship newspaper
    • The Star, an evening newspaper
    • Herald, a current affairs monthly
    • Spider, a monthly Internet magazine
    • Aurora, a marketing and advertising bi-monthly
  • Broadcast media
    • Dawn News, 24-hour news channel, broadcasting in English 2007–2010, but since 2010 in Urdu.
    • City FM 89, a music radio channel
  • Internet media
  • Exhibitions
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Richest People in Pakistan

1. The Nishat Group Mian Muhammad Mansha Yaha is the captain of this splendid ship having around 30 companies on board. Mansha, who owns the Muslim Commercial Bank as well, is now setting up a billion rupee ($ 17 m) paper sack project too. He is one of the richest Pakistanis around. Nishat Group was country’s 15th richest family in 1970, 6th in 1990 and Number 1 in 1997. Mansha is on the board of nearly 50 companies. Chinioti by clan, Mansha is married to Yousaf Saigol’s daughter. He is deemed to have made investments in many bourses, currency and metal exchanges both within and outside Pakistan. He has had his share of luck on many occasions in life and has recently been awarded Pakistan’s highest civil award by President Musharraf. He could have bought the United Bank too, but then who doesn’t have adversaries. Nishat Group comprises of textiles, cement, leasing, insurance and management companies. If Mansha was bitten by Bhutto’s nationalization stint of 1970, his friends think he was compensated by Nawaz Sharif’s denationalization programme to a very good effect. There is no stopping Mansha and he is still on the move!
2. The Jang Group This huge media empire was founded by late Mir Khalil-ur-Rehman some six decades ago. Today, around 10 top newspapers and the multi-billion rupee GEO TV project are being run by Mir Shakeel-ur-Rehman, Mir Khalil’s brainy son, who has a lot of projects pertaining to real estate under his belt too. Though he can be very modest, Shakeel is known to have taken country’s Prime Ministers head-on. His tussle with Nawaz Sharif in 1999 spoke volumes of his unmatched influence in all domestic and international quarters which matter Shakeel is one of Asia’s most well known media barons, whose newspapers have served to be the breeding nurseries for country’s top journalists. He invests massively in stocks business regularly. His elder brother Mir Javed ur Rehman and tender son Mir Ibrahim also assist him in business. Such magnificent has been his influence that at times, a few governments have opted to take a few of his employees as ministers. The Group, as most politicians agree, has been instrumental in both toppling and building governments in Pakistan for decades now. Limelight is the product that he sells but doesn’t like tasting the fruits of his own garden.
3. The Hashoo Group Led by the vintage Saddaruddin Haswani, the Hashoo Group is more known for its dominance in Pakistan’s hotel industry, though the people who know a bit more about the Hashwanis are of their strength in real estate business too. Hashwanis are involved in trading of cotton grain and steel and till the nationalization of cotton export in 1974, they were widely being dubbed as the Cotton Kings of Pakistan. Today, this group has excelled in export of rice, wheat, cotton and barley. It owns textile units, besides having invested billions in mines, minerals. hotels, insurance, batteries, tobacco, residential properties, construction, engineering and information technology. In 1984, Hashwani defeated the Lakhanis in the bid for Premier Tobacco but was arrested along with his brother Akbar in 1986 for allegedly evading customs duty on cigarettes. Sadarduddin’s brother Akbar and the children of another late brother Hassan Ali Hashwani together manage around 45 companies. Akbar runs the second Hashwani Group. He is one of the most well-known magnates in Pakistan who is a regular invitee at the Diplomatic Enclave. The list of local and international bigwigs known personally to Hashwani is unending.
4. The Packages Group The seed of this huge empire was sown by Syed Maratib All, a renowned supplier for British Army and the Indian Railways before partition. The group launched a joint venture with Lever Brothers soon after 1947, but massive production of Pakistan Tobacco Company later reportedly made Syed Maratib All and sons install a packaging Unit by the names of Packages. Two of Maratib’s sons-Syed Amjad All and Syed Babar Au have remained Pakistan’s finance Ministers and two of his well-known grand-children-Syeda Abida Hussain and Syed Fakhar Imam-are political stalwarts who need no recognition. Late Syed Amjad Ali was Pakistan’s first Ambassador to the United Nations, while Syed Babar Ali is the force behind the establishment of the LUMS. The group owns Nestle Pakistan too which is being run by Syed Yawar Ali. Syed Babar Ali has also served as Chairman National Fertilizer Corporation during the Bhutto regime too and has been the Chairman of Hoeist Pakistan, Lever Brothers and Siemen. The group also acquired a good number of Coca Cola plants in Pakistan. Its famous brands include Nestle Milk Pak, Treet, Mitchells and Tri Pack Films. It has stakes in the textile, dairy, agriculture and rice Sectors too. The groups Contributions towards the cause of an independent Pakistan are unprecedented.
5. The House of Habib Legend has it that the Goddess of Wealth has been in love with the seasoned Habibs more than anybody else in Pakistan. Most pundits believe that Habibs own at least 100 companies throughout the world, but these content mega-tycoons never boast off, something which has made it uphill for most to predict about their financial standing. This industrial group was founded by Seth Habib Mitha, born in 1878 to Esmail Ali-a factory owner in Bombay. The financial strength of the Habibs can be gauged from the fact that Muhammad Ali Habib was gave a cheque of Rs 80 million to Quaid-e-Azam in 1948 at a time when Pakistan government was penniless owing to delay in transfer of Pakistan’s share of Rs. 750 million by the Reserve Bank of India. They had offices in Europe in 1912. They incorporated the Habib Bank in 1941. They own the Habib Bank A.G Zurich, Bank Al-Habib, Indus Motors assembling Corolla cars and many dozens of units in sectors such as jute, paper sack, minerals, steel, tiles, synthetics sugar, glass, construction, concrete, farm autos, banking, oil, computers, music, paper, packages, leasing and capital management. Habibs today are headed by Rafiq Habib and Rashid Habib in two distinct groups. What makes them extremely influential players of all times is the fact that for dozens of top businessmen today, Habib were a myth once.
6. The Saigols Saigols originally hail from Jehlum. The pioneer of the Saigol dynasty in 1890 was Amin Saigol who established a shoe shop that eventually transformed into Kohinoor Rubber Works. And then times saw them shining literally like the Kohinoor until their progress was by Nationalization in which they lost two-thirds of their wealth. Saigols got trifurcated in 1976 and 15 descendents of Amin Saigols tour sons got a share. The name of the Saigols has been used in this part of the world as similes describing quantum of wealth. Yousaf Saigol, along with his brothers Sayeed Saigol, Bashir Saigol and Gul Saigol then nourished an excellent crop. In 1948, Saigols established the Kohinoor Textile Mills with a cost of Rs 8 million and this group happens to be the first to open an LC with the State Bank of Pakistan. They bought the United Bank in 1959 and then witnessed five of their units getting nationalized. They lived in Saudi Arabia during the Bhutto regime. Today, cousins Tariq and Nasim are holding the family’s fort together and have risen to unprecedented heights in individual capacities. NAB did haunt Nasim but Tariq spent more lime either accepting or refusing prized slots everywhere. Tariq is the one of the finest business brains around.
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Libraries in Karachi



Public libraries

  • Al-Huda Library, Nazimabad
  • Al-Firdous Baldia Public Library, Baldia Town
  • Allama Iqbal Library
  • Baba-e-Urdu Kutubkhana
  • Board of Intermediate Karachi [1] Library, North Nazimabad [Timing:9:30 To 3:00 PM]
  • Children Library, Nazimabad
  • Community Center (Gulshan-e-Iqbal)
  • Defence Central Library, [2], Defence Housing Authority
  • Faiz-e-Aam Library, Lyari Town
  • Faran Club Library, Gulshan-e-Iqbal
  • Ghalib Library, Nazimabad
  • Hashim Gazder Library, Jamila Street, Ranchore Line
  • Hungooraabad Library, Hungooraabad, Lyari Town
  • Ibrahim Ali Bhai Auditorium & Library
  • Iqbal Shaheed Library, Behar Colony, Lyari Town
  • Iqra Library, New Kumhar Wara, Lyari Town
  • Jehangir Park Reading Room Library, Jehangir Park, Saddar Town
  • KMC Library
  • Liaquat National Memorial Library, Stadium Road
  • Lyari Municipal Library, Old Salater House, Lyari Town
  • Lyari Text Book Library, Chakiwara, Lyari Town
  • Mansoora Library, Dastagir Society, Federal B. Area
  • Moosa Lane Reading Room Library, Moosa Lane, Lyari Town
  • Moulana Hasrat Mohani Library, Usmanabad, Lyari Town
  • Mujahid Park Library, Rexer Line, Lyari Town
  • Nasir-Arif Hussain Memorial Library & Research Center, Gulberg Town
  • National Book Foundation Library
  • Nawa Lane Library, Gabol Park, Lyari Town
  • Noorani Welfare Library, Ranchore Line, Lyari Town
  • Pakistan National Centre Library
  • Rangoon Wala Hall and Community Centre Library, Dhoraji Colony
  • Sheikh Mufeed Library, Islamic Research Center, Allama Ibne Hassan Jarchvi Road, Block 6 FB Area. Karachi-75950
  • Sardar Abdul-Rab Nishtar Library, Near Lyari General Hospital, Lyari Town
  • Satellite Library, Sango Lane, Lyari Town
  • Shohada-e-Pakistan Library, Usmanabad, Lyari Town
  • Sindh Archives, Clifton
  • Super Market Library, Super Market, Liaquatabad
  • Syed Mehmood Shah Library, Lee Market, Lyari Town
  • Taimuriya Library
  • The Shia Imami Ismaili Community libraries in Different areas in Karachi. Kharader Library and Reading Room ESTD1908 1st Library in Karachi. its Academic library also, Kharader Ismaili Jamat Khana
  • Umer Lane Library, Umer Lane, Lyari Town
  • Bedil Library, 2-A Sharfabad Club Building, Sharfabad (B.M.C.H.Society)near Bahadurabad chorange, Phone no. 02134133212. Postal code 74800,timing 4p.m to 8p.m. LIBRARIAN: Muhammad Zubari Cell #: 0333-2374725

University libraries

  • DOW International Medical and Dental College (DUHS) Library, Karachi
  • Government College University (GC UniversityLibrary) Lahore
  • Central Library International Islamic University, Islamabad
  • Islamic Research Institute Library, International Islamic University (Old Campus) Islamabad
  • Bait-ul-Hikmah, Hamdard University
  • Dawah Academy library, Islamabad
  • Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, University Road
  • Dr. Mahmood Hussain Library, Karachi University, University Road
  • NED University of Engineering and Technology Library, University Road
  • Usman Institute of Technology
  • Institute of Business Administration Library, Main & Garden Campus
  • Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi
  • Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, 90 & 100 Clifton, Karachi (SZABIST) Library
  • Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan, (ICMAP) library, Gulshan campus and city campus
  • Commecs school of accountancy library, shahreh-e-faisal, Karachi
  • Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture Library, Clifton
  • SAIMS (Sir Adamjee Institute) Library
  • Khan Bahadur Hassanallly Effendi (KBHE) Library, Sindh Madresatul Islam University

Academic libraries

  • Quaid-e-Azam Academy Library
  • Pakistan Institute of International Affairs Library
  • Institute of Business Management (IOBM) CBM

Historical libraries

Special libraries

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Manchar Lake

Lake Manchar (Sindhi: منڇر ڍنڍ ) is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan and one of Asia‘s largest. It is located west of the Indus River, in Jamshoro District, Sindh. The area of the lake fluctuates with the seasons from as little as 350 km² to as much as 520 km². The lake collects water from numerous small streams in the Kirthar Mountains and empties into the Indus River.


The lake was created in the 1930s when the Sukkur Barrage was constructed on the river Indus. The lake is fed by two canals, the Aral and the Danister from the river Indus. Until recently the lake supported thousands of fisherfolk, near village Kot Lashari Bobak railway station,who depended on the freshwater fish they caught in the lake. However, the lake is now undergoing environmental degradation resulting in the water becoming saline and killing off the fish and forcing the fisherfolk to look elsewhere for employment.

Environmental degradation

The degradation has been occurring for a long time but only recently have the effects been felt. The diversion of water from the Indus and a diminished storm runoff from the Kirthar mountains have contributed to the reduction in fresh water supplies. At the same time, saline drainage water from agricultural fields in surrounding areas has started to flow into Lake Manchar. However between 16 August and 23 August 2009, 700 cu ft/s (20 m3/s) of water was introduced in the lake via Indus River.[1]
The lake was a stop-off on the Indus flyway for Siberian migratory birds, but recently the numbers have fallen from 25,000 birds counted in 1988 to just 2,800 bird counted in 2002, because the lake no longer provides the birds’ main food, the lake fish. In the place of the birds, the lake now hosts a saline water reed.
The lake also provided large volumes of water for irrigation but this has also been reduced and has resulted in a great reduction in the area irrigated by the lake.


Lake Manchar is populated by the Mohana tribe.
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Air Lines of Pakistan

English: Boeing 747-300 of Pakistan Internatio...
The Pakistan aviation industry was started up when Orient Airways merged with Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (PIAC) to become the national flag carrier of Pakistan called Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). PIA remained the only operator for many years after its creation, but soon private airlines arrived at the scene to compete with the national flag carrier as conditions of the country stabilised.
It was not early nineties there was a major growth in the Pakistani aviation market with four new private airlines launching operations. The airline did very well to compete with the well established flag carrier, PIA which was controlled by the government. However, this was not to last as the UN placed economic sanctions on Pakistan that caused the airline market to suffer. It caused two of the four airlines to file for bankruptcy and liquidate their assets. The airline industry remained quite stable with PIA developing a strong hold on the international and domestic market for many years. It was not until the early 21st century that the industry started to pick up again that allowed the entry of a new carrier in the market, Airblue which launched operations with new state of the art aircraft. As of August 2007, the aviation market is developing and allowing more services and facilities to be inaugurated as well as the development of a brand new airport to b

Current airlines

Charter airlines

Defunct airlines

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Airports in Pakistan

Boeing 737 of PIA at SIAL, Pakistan
There are an estimated 139 airfields in Pakistan.[1] The largest airport in Pakistan is Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, which can handle 42 aircraft at a time and has 16 passenger gates. It handles 6 million passengers annually and has a capacity of handling 12 million passengers annually. In addition, the international airports at Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar and Quetta are also major civil airports handling the majority of domestic and international civil aviation traffic in Pakistan.
All civil airports in Pakistan are operated by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority, with the exception of Sialkot International Airport, which is the first private airport in Pakistan and South Asia open to domestic and international civil aviation. It is owned and operated by the Sialkot Chamber of Commerce & Industry. All military airbases in Pakistan are operated by the Pakistan Air Force, with the exception of Dhamial Army Aviation Airbase in Rawalpindi and Tarbela Army Aviation Airbase, which are operated by the Pakistan Army.
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