Kashmir Solidarity Day

Kashmir Solidarity Day has been observed on 5 February each year since 1990 in Pakistan as a day of protest against Indian control of part of Kashmir.[1] It is a national holiday in Pakistan.[2] Kashmir Day was first proposed by Qazi Hussain Ahmad of the Jamaat-e-Islami party in Pakistan in 1990. Pakistan considers Kashmir as the core issue, between India and Pakistan, leading to three wars and devoting a major portion of Pakistan budget to military.[citation needed]


Pakistan claims that atrocities are being committed by the Indian state in Kashmir.[citation needed].[3] During the Kashmir valley protest in the summer of 2010 Syed Ali Shah Geelani, a key separatist leader, said “We want end to Indian occupation here and have already laid out our proposal for initiating a dialogue.”[4]
The purpose of Kashmir Solidarity day as per Pakistani view, is to provide sympathetic and political support to the Kashmiri separatists people who they believe are struggling for their freedom from the Indian rule.[citation needed] The part of Kashmir under Pakistani control is known as Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
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Defence Day Pakistan

thumb|center|Brig. Hari Singh A.V.S.M.This pic...
Defence Day (Urdu: یوم دفاع‎ or Youm-e-Difa) is celebrated in Pakistan as a national day[1] on 6 September[2] in memory of those who martyred in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 and successful defence of Lahore, Sialkot and other important areas of the country

Indo-Pakistani war of 1965

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. This conflict became known as the Second Kashmir War fought by India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Kashmir, the first having been fought in 1947. The war began following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against rule by India.[4][5] The five-week war caused thousands of casualties on both sides. It ended in a United Nations (UN) mandated ceasefire and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration.[5]
6 September is marked by the President, Prime Minister and members of the government paying respect to the armed forces.[6]

Notable decorations

Army officers like Captain Sarwar Shaheed, Major Tufail Shaheed, Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed, Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed, Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed, Sawar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed, Lance Naik Muhammad Mehfooz Shaheed,and Havaldar Lalak Jan Shaheed gave sacrifices of their life for Pakistan and were awarded with “Nishan-e-Haider” for their acts of exceptional bravery. Nishan-e-Haider is a highest military award given to brave martyres of Pakistan army those who left remarkable examples of bravery and sacrifice for nation and country.[7]

Celebrations and parade

Army of Pakistan displays the latest missiles, tanks, guns, army aviation helicopters and armament being used by Engineers, Electrical and Mechanical Corps, Army Air Defence, Signals, Army Service Corps and Army Medical Corps live on various places.[8] Everyone is allowed to watch such functions live by going to the specific places. These shows are displayed on national channels as well. National songs and special documents about 6 September 1965 and martyred people of 6 September are displayed on TV. It is told to people how people gave sacrifices for the defense of the country and what is the responsibility of young generation now especially the children who are the future of Pakistan.
The change of guard ceremony takes place at Mazar-e-Quaid, Karachi, where the cadets of Pakistan Air Force Academy present Guard of Honour and take the charge.[9].[3
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Public Holidays in Pakistan

February 5 Kashmir Solidarity Day یوم یکجحتی کشمیر Youm-e-Yekjehty-e-Kashmir Protest against Indian administration of Jammu and Kashmir.
March 23 Pakistan Day یوم پاکستان Youm-e-Pakistan Commemorates the Lahore Resolution, which formally demanded an independent Muslim-majority state to be created out of the British Indian Empire; the republic was also declared on this day in 1956
May 1 Labour Day (May Day) یوم مزدور Youm-e-Mazdoor
August 11 National Minorities Day Commemorates the contribution of non-Muslim communities of Pakistan, particularly in light of a speech by Muhammad Ali Jinnah given on this day in 1947 [1]
August 14 Independence Day یوم آزادی Youm-e-Azadi Marking Pakistani independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
November 9 Iqbal Day یوم اقبال Youm-e-Iqbal Birthday of national poet Muhammad Iqbal
December 25 Birthday of Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader) یوم ولادت قائداعظم Youm-e-Viladat-e-Quaid-e-Azam Birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan
Dates of the (lunar) Islamic calendar
Dhul Hijja 10 Eid ul-Adha عید الاضحٰی Marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage; sacrifices offered on this day commemorate Abraham‘s willingness to sacrifice his son
Shawwal 1 Eid-ul-Fitr عيد الفطر Marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan
Rabi`-ul-Awwal 12 Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi عيد ميلاد النبی Birthday of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad
21 Ramadan Day of martyrdom of Ali Youm-e-Shahdat e Ali Death anniversary of Imam Ali.
Muharram 9&10 Ashura عاشوراء Marks the end of the Shia mourning for the martyred Imam Hussein ibn Ali
Date English Name Local Name Remarks
September 6 Defence Day یوم دفاع Youm-e-Difa Commemorates the official start of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
September 11 Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah یومِ وفات قائداعظم Quaid-e-Azam ki Youm-e-Wafaat


Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam
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Karachi Famous Shoping Centers

Textiles market in Karachi
Textiles market in Karachi 
Tariq Road:
Tariq Road is not only the most popular market for apparel and accessories in Karachi but across Pakistan. It is regarded as the best and the most diverse market of Pakistan. Believe it or not, you can get anything here. Whether you are looking for jewelry, apparels, accessories or whatever, Tariq Road has everything. Tariq Road in particular is not a market but a street with hundreds of shops. Due to the fact that the whole street is organized well, people of Karachi have considered it as a market.

Khadda Market:

For people living near defense and Clifton, Khadda Market is the best one to shop. It can be said that Khadda market exactly the same as Tariq Road but smaller. The street on which the market is steep compared to the nearby streets therefore it has the name ‘Khadda’ which literally means a deep hole.


If you are interested in buying some second hand stuff then Lighthouse is the central hub for that. It is one of the most famous markets of Karachi where numerous residents and tourists shop for second hand stuff including clothes, guitars, electronics, leather goods, etc.

Zainab Market:

Zainab market is the oldest market of Karachi. It was established way before Pakistan was created. Most of the leather goods and arts and crafts goods supplied all over Karachi are made here. Also, there are many shops in Zainab Market that deal in wholesaling goods such as leather goods, silver jewelry and the like.

Kurtaba Market:

If you want to shop for true Asian apparels then Kurtaba market is the best place to be at.

Zamazama Market:
Zamazama Market is usually visited by the elite class of Karachi. The market as such does not have any specialty regarding the goods you can buy but it is a well organized one because of which it attracts the elite class.


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Pakistan Famous Train Services

English: Allama Iqbal Express at Sialkot Junction.
  Allama Iqbal Express at Sialkot Junction.)

Train Name




Allama Iqbal Express Pakistan Railways KarachiSialkot via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal, Lahore and Narowal 1940-Present
Awam Express KarachiPeshawar via Hyderabad, Rohri, Multan, Lahore and Rawalpindi
Bahauddin Zakaria Express KarachiMultan via Hyderabad and Rohri
Bahawalpur Express SialkotSamasata via Faisalabad and Khanewal Temporary Suspended
Bolan Mail KarachiQuetta via Kotri, Dadu, Larkana, Jacobabad and Sibi
Hazara Express KarachiHavelian via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal, Jhang, Sargodha, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Fareed Express KarachiLahore via Hyderabad, Rohri and Pakpattan
Jaffar Express RawalpindiQuetta via Lahore, Multan, Rohri, Jacobabad and Sibi 2003-Present
Karachi Express KarachiLahore via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal and Sahiwal 1940s-Present
Karakoram Express KarachiLahore via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal and Faisalabad 2002-Present
Khushhal Khan Khattak Express KarachiPeshawar via Kotri, Dadu, Larkana Jacobabad, Kashmor, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali and Attock
Khyber Mail KarachiPeshawar via Hyderabad, Rohri, Multan, Lahore and Rawalpindi 1947-Present
Mehr Express MultanRawalpindi via Kot Adu and Mianwali
Millat Express KarachiSargodha via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal, and Faisalabad
Night Coach Express KarachiLahore via Hyderabad, Rohri, Multan and Faisalabad 15 January 2013-Present
Pakistan Business Express PR & Four Brothers KarachiLahore via Hyderabad, Rohri and Khanewal 2012-Present
Pakistan Express KarachiRawalpindi via Hyderabad, Rohri, Khanewal, Faisalabad and Wazirabad
Rawal Express LahoreRawalpindi
Samjhauta Express LahoreDelhi via Amritsar India
Shalimar Express PR and Air Rail LahoreKarachi via Hyderabad, Rohri, Multan and Faisalabad 1979-Present
Sialkot Express SialkotRawalpindi via Wazirabad and Jhelum Temporary Suspended
Subak Kharam Express LahoreRawalpindi
Subak Raftar Express LahoreRawalpindi
Sukkur Express KarachiJacobabad via Hyderabad and Rohri
Super Express KarachiMalakwal via Hyderabad, Rohri, Multan, Faisalabad and Sargodha
Tezgam KarachiRawalpindi via Hyderabad Rohri, Multan and Lahore 1950s-Present
Thar Express KarachiJodhpur, India via Hyderabad, Mirpur Khas
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Agriculture in Pakistan

English: Wheat fields near Hasilpur in Punjab,...
Pakistan’s principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan’s total land area is under cultivation and is watered by one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia. Agriculture accounts for about 21.2% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labor force. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. Some people also have mango orchards but due to some problems like weather, they’re not found in a big range.
The most important crops are wheat, sugarcane, cotton, and rice, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop output. Pakistan’s largest food crop is wheat. In 2005, Pakistan produced 21,591,400 metric tons of wheat, more than all of Africa (20,304,585 metric tons) and nearly as much as all of South America (24,557,784 metric tons), according to the FAO.[5] The country is expected to harvest 25 to 23 million tons of wheat in 2012.
Pakistan has also cut the use of dangerous pesticides dramatically.[6]
Pakistan is a net food exporter, except in occasional years when its harvest is adversely affected by droughts. Pakistan exports rice, cotton, fish, fruits (especially Oranges and Mangoes), and vegetables and imports vegetable oil, wheat, pulses and consumer foods. The country is Asia’s largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market.
The economic importance of agriculture has declined since independence, when its share of GDP was around 53%. Following the poor harvest of 1993, the government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many agricultural commodities and expanded availability of agricultural credit. From 1993 to 1997, real growth in the agricultural sector averaged 5.7% but has since declined to about 4%. Agricultural reforms, including increased wheat and oilseed production, play a central role in the government’s economic reform package.
Outdated irrigation practices have lead to inefficient water usage in Pakistan. 25 per cent of the water withdrawn for use in the agricultural sector is lost through leakages and line losses in the canals. Only a limited amount of the remaining water is actually absorbed and used by the crops due to poor soil texture and unlevelled fields.[7]Much of the Pakistan’s agriculture output is utilized by the country’s growing processed-food industry. The value of processed retail food sales has grown 12 percent annually during the Nineties and was estimated at over $1 billion in 2000, although supermarkets accounted for just over 10% of the outlets.[8]
The Federal Bureau of Statistics provisionally valued major crop yields at Rs.504,868 million in 2005 thus registering over 55% growth since 2000[9] while minor crop yields were valued at Rs.184,707 million in 2005 thus registering over 41% growth since 2000. The exports related to the agriculture sector in 2009–10 are Rs 288.18 billion including food grains, vegetables, fruits, tobacco, fisheries products, spices and livestock.[10]


According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan,[11] the livestock sector contributes about half of the value added in the agriculture sector, amounting to nearly 11 per cent of Pakistan’s GDP, which is more than the crop sector. The leading daily newspaper Jang reports that the national herd consists of 24.2 million cattle, 26.3 million buffaloes, 24.9 million sheep, 56.7 million goats and 0.8 million camels. In addition to these there is a vibrant poultry sector in the country with more than 530 million birds produced annually. These animals produce 29.472 million tons of milk (making Pakistan the 4th largest producer of milk in the world), 1.115 million tons of beef, 0.740 million tons of mutton, 0.416 million tons of poultry meat, 8.528 billion eggs, 40.2 thousand tons of wool, 21.5 thousand tons of hair and 51.2 million skins and hides.[12]
The Food and Agriculture Organization reported in June 2006 that in Pakistan, government initiatives are being undertaken to modernize milk collection and to improve milk and milk product storage capacity.[13]The Federal Bureau of Statistics provisionally valued this sector at Rs.758,470 million in 2005 thus registering over 70% growth since 2000.[9][dead link]


Fishery and fishing industry plays an important role in the national economy of Pakistan. With a coastline of about 1046 km, Pakistan has enough fishery resources that remain to be fully developed. It is also a major source of export earning.


About only 4% of land in Pakistan is covered with forest. The forest of Pakistan are a main source of food, lumber, paper, fuelwood, latex, medicine as well as used for purposes of wildlife conservation and ecotourism.
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Chishty Mujahid

Chishty Mujahid, an articulate and authoritative cricket commentator, is a law graduate from Cambridge University. His love for the game began early in his childhood when he watched the 1952 Pakistani Team under Abdul Hafeez Kardar play at New Delhi and Lucknow. A frequent visitor to tests in England during his student days in the late 1960s, he became a commentator renowned for being both articulate and knowledgeable description and analysis of the game. With Radio Pakistan and Pakistan TV and Hum.Fm he has toured Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, Australia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, England, New Zealand and Sharjah. He has worked in high profile jobs in various national and International companies.

Chishty Mujahid is a well-known figure in Pakistani cricket journalism and broadcasting. Born in 1944 in New Delhi, British India, he was educated at Karachi Grammar School, National College Karachi, Selwyn College Cambridge (Law Tripos 1966) and the Middle Temple London. He played cricket at school, college and club levels as a middle order batsman, a right arm leg break and googly bowler and an agile and reliable fielder. He started Radio commentaries in 1967 and TV commentaries on Pakistan Television (PTV) in 1970.

Mujahid has also commentated for and appeared on Doordarshan – India, Rupavahini, MTV & TNL – Sri Lanka, Worldtel, TWI, Sony, South African Broadcasting Corp, CricInfo, BBC Urdu, Hum FM (UAE), Yes FM, Sri Lanka. He has covered, and written on cricket for newspapers such as the Dawn, Frontier Post, Morning News, The News (all Pakistani English Dailies) for the World of Cricket and The Cricketer Magazine (Pakistan), and the Khaleej Times (UAE).

Mujahid wrote the commentary for a pictorial cricket biography of Imran Khan – “An Eye on Imran”. He was nominated for the Best Sports Commentator award for PTV three years in a row 1985, 1986 and 1987 winning the Award in 1986. He also won the PBC (Radio Pakistan) best cricket commentator award for 1999 and the PBC Excellence Award 2001. He was conferred the President’s Award for Pride of Performance in the Honours List of 14 August, 2003.